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EAA 2015 in Glasgow

Session "Stepping Stones in Super-Regional Networks. Landing Places within the Maritime Cultural Landscape (c. 550-1500 AD)" (MERC-Session)

Main Author: Sven Kalmring (Centre for Baltic and Scandinavian Archaeology)

Co-Authors: Natascha Mehler (Deutsches Schiffahrtsmuseum), Mark Gardiner (Queen's University Belfast)

 

Session "Urban Identities in the Early-Medieval Towns of Europe: Architecture, Social Space and Sendse of Place" (MERC-Session)

Main Author: Dries Tys (Brussels Free University)

Co-Authors: Karen Milek (University of Aberdeen), Volker Hilberg (Stiftung S-H Landesmuseen Schloss Gottorf), Dirk Rieger (Archäologie und Denkmalpflege Hansestadt Lübeck), Sven Kalmring (Centre for Baltic and Scandinavian Archaeology)


Session AR6: Limits of raw materials: technology as tradition or adaptation?

Main author details

Ms. Katarína Čuláková, Institute of Archaeology, Czech Academy of Sciences, culakova@arup.cas.cz


Co-Author(s)

Mr. William Mills, Institute of Archaeology, University of Oxford

Dr. Mara-Julia Weber, Centre for Baltic and Scandinavian Archaeology, Foundation Schleswig-Holsteinische Landesmuseen Schloss Gottorf


Abstract: Lithic raw materials used throughout prehistory vary in composition and structure. The spectrum of rocks used differ in both structure and hardness, such as siliceous rocks contrasting with quartzes, as well as variations in grain and structure within lithological groups, as with siliceous obsidian and chert. The aspects of the available size and quantity of these raw materials and the distance to their sources are also a consideration. All of these lithic materials have specific physical characteristics that may or may not facilitate their exploitation. To some extent the nature of the material can be a determining factor for the possibilities of extraction, whereas in other incidences they may have incited an adaptation of methods and techniques specific to the materials. However, the physical attributes of lithic raw materials are not the only factor determining the choice of a specific technology. There is also a conceptual element that contributed to the final picture of the selected “chaîne opératoire”.

 

http://eaaglasgow2015.com/session/limits-of-raw-materials-technology-as-tradition-or-adaptation/


Session AR11

Stationary fishing structures - use of joint facilities by fishing communities


Harald Lübke, Stefanie Klooß, Satu Koivisto, Vladimir Lozovski, Lisbeth Pedersen

New research on European wetland, bog or underwater sites with well-preserved organics expands our understanding of the importance of aquatic resources in the economy of prehistoric Hunter-Fisher-Gatherer groups in Europe. The excellent preservation led not only to the discovery of active fishing gear like hooks, spears, leisters or tridents but also of larger equipment or structures like nets, traps or fishing fences. Better excavation methods led to the recovery of large quantities of small-sized faunal remains, which contradicts earlier investigations about the importance of fish as food. Finally, cutting-edge isotopic research on questions about human diet gives further evidence for the significance of this food resource.
Fishing could attain such importance for human consumption only because an appropriate technology was developed, with which substantial quantities of fish were captured. These were especially stationary fishing structures that are recorded in different coastal and inland regions since the Mesolithic. They were constructed from wood, stone and other materials, and are constructed in different ways, shapes and sizes. Predominantly the fishing structures are rather large, and it has to be supposed that prehistoric fishing communities organized the building and use, as well the processing of the catch, as a joint effort. Thus, the traditional manners of building and use have certainly established a kind of collective identity of the communities.
The session holders invite talks and posters that describe special archaeological features, review fishing technologies in a specific area or culture, or give evidence of long term traditions or comparisons from historic, ethnographic and experimental sources, or discuss question about ways of extracting, restoration and conservation of such fragile objects and their further life in museums, labs etc. It is anticipated that through discussion of the various themes, the workshop will stimulate the growing interest of the scientific community in new areas of research on stationary fishing structures and collaboration on a European-wide level.

http://eaaglasgow2015.com/call-for-papers/

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